Hanami, which literally means "flower viewing", is the Japanese traditional custom of enjoying the beauty of flowers, especially cherry blossoms. The practice of Hanami is more than a thousand years old, and is still very popular in Japan today. It takes place in the Spring, contrary to the custom of Momijigari, which is celebrated in the Autumn. The blossoms only last for a week or two, usually from March to April, and they are followed by the media and waited for by most of the Japanese people. Full bloom usually comes about one week after the opening of the first blossoms. Another week later, the blooming peak is over and the blossoms are falling from the trees.
A more ancient form of hanami also exists in Japan, which is enjoying the plum blossoms instead. This kind of hanami is popular among older people, because they are more calm than the sakura parties, which usually involve younger people and can sometimes be very crowded and noisy.
It is important to note that the Japanese call this, not only "hanami" but also ohanami, adding an "o" in front, literally meaning "to view the flower blossoms"
Find and underline the words which have the following Japanese meaning. The number in a blanket shows the number of words (no blanket→ a single word.)
① 伝統的な ② 開催される(2) ③ 頂点 ④代わりに ⑤混んでいる
Hanami festivities have also become popular outside of Japan in the last years, and is also celebrated today at other countries. Smaller hanami celebrations in Korea, Philippines and China (where the custom was first created) also take place traditionally.
In the United States, hanami has also become very popular. In 1912, Japan gave 3,000 sakura trees as a gift to the United States to celebrate the nations' friendship. These trees were planted in Washington, D.C., and another 3,800 gifted trees were also taken there in 1956. These sakura trees continue to be a popular tourist attraction, and every year, the National Cherry Blossom Festival takes place when they bloom in early Spring.
Find and underline the words which have the following meaning.
(a) an area of land that is controlled by its own government, president, king etc
(b) liked by a lot of people
(c) a special occasion when people celebrate something such as a religious event, and
there is often a public holiday